ABO Group is a test that determines a person’s blood type. The test is essential if you need a blood transfusion or are planning to donate blood.
Not all blood types are compatible, so it’s important to know your blood group. Receiving blood that’s incompatible with your blood type could trigger a dangerous immune response.
ACTH Test or Adrenocorticotropic Hormone Test helps assess the conditions linked to too much or too little Cortisol.
Your pituitary is a gland at the base of the brain that produces ACTH. ACTH, in turn, causes the adrenal glands (which sit at the top of your kidneys) to make cortisol.
Cortisol is a hormone with some important jobs:
It helps regulate your blood pressure.
It helps your body respond properly to infections.
It helps break down sugar, fat, and protein in your food.
You might want to be tested if you suspect your pituitary or adrenal glands are producing too much or too little ACTH or cortisol.
Aldosterone/Plasma Renin Ratio Test is used to aid in diagnosing conditions related to irregular blood pressure or hypertension.
Together Aldosterone and Renin help maintain healthy blood pressure levels.
Aldosterone Test measures Aldosterone Hormone levels in the blood.
Aldosterone helps regulate salt and water balance in the body. If body overproduces Aldosterone then high blood pressure with low potassium levels will be seen. By controlling Aldosterone we are keeping blood pressure in check.
Alpha 1 Antitrypsin test or AAT Blood Test assesses the level of the protein Alpha 1 Antitrypsin (AAT) in the blood.
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a genetic disease, which means it’s passed down to you from your parents. It can cause serious lung or liver disease. You may also hear it called AAT deficiency. Symptoms often include trouble breathing and jaundiced, or yellow, skin.
ALT Blood Test or Alanine Transaminase Blood Test is a test that checks for liver damage. This test is useful to find out if a disease, drug, or injury has damaged your liver.
Your liver does a lot of important things for your body, one of them is to make a fluid called bile that helps your body digest food.
ANA Test detects these autoantibodies in the blood.
Antinuclear Antibodies (ANA) are a group of autoantibodies produced by a person's immune system when it fails to adequately distinguish between "self" and "non-self."
ANA react with components of the body's own healthy cells and can produce autoimmune disease.
Signs and symptoms of autoimmune disease are tissue and organ inflammation, joint and muscle pain, and fatigue.
ASO or Antistreptolysin O Blood test or Strep Blood test is a blood test that checks for a strep infection.
When you come into contact with harmful bacteria, your body produces antibodies to defend itself against these bacteria. Your body produces antibodies specific to the bacteria they fight.
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AST Blood Test or Aspartate Aminotransferase Blood Test is a blood test that checks for liver damage. You might order this test to find out if you have liver disease and to monitor any liver treatment. Your liver is an organ that has many important jobs. It makes a fluid called bile that helps your body digest food.
C-Peptid test measures the level of C-peptide in your blood or urine.
C-peptide is a substance made in the pancreas, along with insulin. Insulin is a hormone that controls the body's glucose (blood sugar) levels. Glucose is your body's main source of energy. If your body doesn't make the right amount of insulin, it may be a sign of diabetes.
C-peptide and insulin are released from the pancreas at the same time and in about equal amounts. So a C-peptide test can show how much insulin your body is making.
C-Reactive Protein Test or CRP Test measures the level of C-Reactive Protein (CRP) in the body. CRP levels increase in response to inflammation or infection so this test is recommended to detect these.
CRP’s purpose is to activate the immune system to clear out foreign invaders.
Increased CRP levels are found in bacterial infections, rheumatic fever, active arthritis, myocardial infarction, malignances and in post-operative state.
Calcium Blood Test can find out whether you have too much or too little of this key mineral in your bloodstream.
It is often part of a routine screening. This test helps screen for and diagnose diseases that affect your bones, heart, nerves, kidneys, and other organs.
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CBC Test or Complete Blood Count With Differential is a test that counts the cells that make up your blood: red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
This test monitors possible reasons for Leukemia, Anemia and infections.
CCP Antibody or Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide (CCP) Antibody (IgG) Test looks for the presence of antibodies that are produced by the body due to an autoimmune disorder. The test is typically used to help diagnose Rheumatoid Arthritis.
The CCP Test is normally ordered when someone has painful swollen joints, stiffness in the joints and pain in elbows, knee, neck, shoulder, etc.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease that causes pain, swelling, stiffness, and loss of function in the joints.
Celiac Disease Panel checks for an autoimmune disorder that causes intolerance to Gluten.
Normally, your immune system attacks things like viruses and bacteria. If you have Celiac Disease, eating Gluten makes your immune system attack the lining of the small intestine, as if it were a harmful substance. This can damage your digestive system and may prevent you from getting the nutrients you need.
A celiac disease test looks for antibodies to gluten in the blood. Antibodies are disease-fighting substances made by the immune system.
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Chlamydia / Gonorrhea Urine Test detects the bacteria that causes infections with Chlamydia and Gonorrhea, Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are both common sexually transmitted diseases (STD) that often do not show any symptoms.
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Chlamydia is one of the most common bacterial sexually transmitted diseases (STD) in the United States and can cause serious complications if not treated.
Chlamydia testing identifies the bacteria Chlamydia Trachomatis as the cause of a person's infection. Screening for, diagnosing, and treating Chlamydia is very important in preventing long-term complications and spread of the infection to others.
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Cholesterol Total Test is done to determine whether your Cholesterol is high and estimate your risk of developing heart attacks and other forms of heart disease and diseases of the blood vessels.
Unfortunately, high cholesterol doesn't cause symptoms. In later stages of atherosclerosis, though, you may suffer angina -- severe chest pain from lack of blood flow to the heart. If an artery gets totally blocked, a heart attack results. A routine blood Cholesterol Test is a far better way of finding out what your cholesterol level is.
CMP Test or Comprehensive Metabolic Panel Blood Test is a series of blood tests that give you a snapshot of your body’s chemistry and the way it is using energy (your metabolism).
The comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) gives information about the body's fluid balance, levels of electrolytes like sodium and potassium, and how well the kidneys and liver are working.
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Creatine Kinase or CPK Test measures the enzyme Creatine Kinase (CK) levels in the blood. Levels of CK can rise after a heart attack, skeletal muscle injury, strenuous exercise, or drinking too much alcohol, and from taking certain medicines or supplements.
If this test shows that your CK levels are high, you may have muscle or heart damage. CK is made up of three enzyme forms.
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Creatinine Test or Creatine Test checks the amount of Creatinine in the blood. Creatinine is the waste product of creatine, which the muscles use to make energy. Typically, creatinine travels in the blood to the kidneys where it leaves the body in the urine. High levels in the blood might indicate that the kidneys are not working correctly.
The creatinine blood test helps diagnose kidney disease. A poorly functioning kidney cannot filter creatinine as well as it usually does, which causes levels in the blood to rise.
If your level of DHEA-S (Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate) is high, it may mean that you have adrenal cancer, tumors, or excess growth of hormone-producing tissue (hyperplasia). Low levels of DHEA level may mean that your adrenal glands are not making enough hormones. This can be because of damage to the adrenal gland or a diseased pituitary gland.
Estradiol Test is a blood test to check estradiol levels and is one of the most common fertility tests.
The Estradiol Test checks for sexual and ovarian function in women to assess infertility, abnormal menstruation or symptoms of menopause. Estradiol Test helps you check your Estradiol (known also as E2) levels to determine your ovaries’ ability to produce eggs (known as ovarian reserve).
In men, Estradiol helps maintain sperm cell health.
Estrogen Test measures or monitors your estrogen levels; to detect an abnormal level or hormone imbalance as a cause of your signs and symptoms; to monitor treatment for infertility or symptoms of menopause; sometimes to test for fetal-placental status during early stages of pregnancy.
When To Get Tested?
Women: when you show symptoms of a hormone imbalance, such as abnormal vaginal bleeding, lack of menstrual periods, unusual and/or early or late sex organ development; when you are undergoing infertility treatment or therapy for menopause symptoms; when you are pregnant and your healthcare practitioner wants to monitor the health of your placenta and developing baby, if it is a high-risk pregnancy
Men: when you have signs of feminization, such as enlarged breasts (gynecomastia)
FSH Test measures Follicle Stimulating Hormone, a hormone associated with reproduction and the development of eggs in women and sperm in men.
FSH is made by the pituitary gland, a small organ located in the center of the head behind the sinus cavity at the base of the brain.
Growth hormone (GH) is produced by the pituitary gland in your brain. It’s also known as human growth hormone (HGH) or somatotropin.
Growth Hormone or GH plays a crucial role in normal human growth and development, especially in children and adolescents. GH levels that are higher or lower than they should be can lead to health problems in both children and adults.
If you suspect that your body may be producing too much or too little GH, you can order tests to measure the levels of GH in your blood. Identifying any issues related to GH will help you make the right decisions about your health.
Hemoglobin A1C Test is a blood test that provides information about your average levels of blood sugar over the past 3 months.
This test can be useful to diagnose type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes.
The HgA1C test is also the primary test used for diabetes management.
Insulin Response to Glucose, 3 Specimens - The insulin response to glucose infusion is useful in evaluating patients with low sugar ( glucose) in the blood or hypoglycemia and suspected insulin-resistance.
LDH Test helps screen for muscle damage, certain inflammatory conditions and other tissue damage.
LDH Test measures the amount of LDH in the blood. Lactic Acid Dehydrogenase or Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) is a protein that helps produce energy in the body.
Lipase Test measures the amount of lipase in the blood. Lipase is an enzyme primarily produced by the pancreas to help digest dietary fats.
When your pancreas is inflamed or injured, it releases more Lipase than usual.
Lipid Panel Test measures fats and fatty substances in your body.
The test is recommended to assess your risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and to monitor treatment of unhealthy lipid (fats) levels.
High cholesterol usually has no signs or symptoms so the test helps in the evaluation of heart disease, monitors existing conditions, genetic diseases and the effectiveness of certain treatments.
Get in control of your cholesterol levels, Get tested today!
Magnesium Blood Test measures the amount of Magnesium in your blood. Magnesium is a type of electrolyte. Electrolytes are electrically charged minerals that are responsible for many important functions and processes in your body.
Your body needs magnesium to help your muscles, nerves, and heart work properly. Magnesium also helps control blood pressure and blood sugar.
Most of your body's magnesium is in your bones and cells. But a small amount is found in your blood. Magnesium levels in the blood that are too low or too high can be a sign of a serious health problem.
Pregnenolone Test measures the amount of pregnenolone in the blood in order to help detect rare forms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH).
Get tested to help detect and monitor treatment for rare types of genetic conditions that affect production of steroid hormones; some of these are called congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). In addition, pregnenolone tests may be ordered to help rule out other conditions.
Progesterone Test can help you check on ovulation or possible fertility problems, make sure everything is OK if you're already pregnant, or help find out why you have abnormal bleeding from your uterus.
Some people may call it this test a “serum progesterone” test.
The Prolactin Test measures the level of the Prolactin hormone in your body. Prolactin is important for milk production in women who are breast feeding or pregnant, it is also useful to assess the cause of milk production when not pregnant or breastfeeding.
In men, elevated levels of Prolactin are associated with impotence, decreased libido and erectile dysfunction.
PSA: Free and Total Test ( Prostate Specific Antigen Test ) measures the amount of PSA that are bound to a protein and the ones that are floating freely in the bloodstream without being bound to a different protein.
Both tests are used to diagnose prostate issues. A person may have an increased risk of prostate cancer when they have higher levels of total PSA and lower levels of free PSA.
Protein Total Protein Electrophoresis with Immunofixation is a test that measures specific proteins in the blood.
The protein electrophoresis test is often used to find abnormal substances called M proteins, which can be a sign of a type of cancer called myeloma or multiple myeloma. Myeloma affects white blood cells called plasma cells in the bone marrow.
Protein electrophoresis also tests for other proteins and immunoglobulins.
Protein, Total, Random Urine with Creatinine Test detect and/or measure protein being released into the urine to assess kidney disease, kidney damage or other conditions of the kidney such as infections.
Rheumatoid Factor Test or RF Test measures the amount of Rheumatoid Factor (RF) in your blood. Rheumatoid factors are proteins produced by the immune system. Rheumatoid Factors attack healthy joints, glands, or other normal cells by mistake.
An RF test is most often used to help diagnose rheumatoid arthritis.
Rheumatoid Factor Test is used to check for Rheumatoid Arthritis and other autoimmune disorders.
Rheumatoid factor test or RF is a protein made by your immune system that can attack healthy tissue in your body. Healthy people don't make RF. So, the presence of RF in your blood can indicate that you have an autoimmune disease.
Sedimentation Rate Westergreen Test or ESR Test measures how quickly red blood cells settle to the bottle of a test tube. Inflammation or infection can lead to extra proteins in the blood, which can make the red blood cells settle faster. When this happens, the ESR is higher.
An ESR test may be done if you have signs of inflammation or infection. ESR tests are used to follow activity levels of conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), arthritis, and lupus.
ESR tests may also be used to follow how well treatment for inflammation or infection is working.
A 24-hour urine collection is a simple lab test that measures what’s in your urine. The test is used to check kidney function. A 24-hour urine collection is done by collecting your urine in a special container over a full 24-hour period. The container must be kept cool until the urine is returned to the lab.
Urine is made up of water and dissolved chemicals, such as sodium and potassium. It also contains urea. This is made when protein breaks down.
Normally, urine contains certain amounts of these waste products. It may be a sign of a certain disease or condition if these amounts are not within a normal range. Or if other substances are present.
Stool culture is a test on a stool sample to find germs (such as bacteria or a fungus) that can cause an infection.
A sample of stool is added to a substance that promotes the growth of germs. If no germs grow, the culture is negative. If germs that can cause infection grow, the culture is positive.
T-4 Thyroxine Total Test measures the amount of the T4 hormone in the blood. T4 is produced by the thyroid gland. T4 levels are important, because T4 increases numerous enzymes that produce energy for the body. Alternative Name: Thyroxine test.
A free thyroxine test, often called a free T4 test, measures the amount of free thyroxine in your blood. When T4 is created, some of the hormone gets bound to proteins while the rest circulates freely.
You may order a free T4 test if you are having symptoms of a thyroid disease such as weight loss, a rapid heart rate, and sweating. A free T4 test may also be performed if you are experiencing weight gain, feeling cold, or have a sense of general fatigue.
Thyroid Peroxidase Antibodies Test or TPO Test is primarily used to help diagnose and monitor autoimmune conditions involving the thyroid gland, such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis and Graves disease.
In an autoimmune disorder your immune system makes antibodies that mistakenly attack normal tissue.
Trichomonas vaginalis is a parasite. It causes vaginal infections in women and, in men, infections of the urethra, (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body), and inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis).
Trichomonas testing detects the parasite in samples from the vagina or penis to diagnose an infection.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), trichomoniasis, which is caused by the infection, is one of the most common, curable sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Uric Acid test measures the amount of uric acid in your blood or urine. Uric acid is a normal waste product made by your body.
Most uric acid dissolves in your blood, then goes to the kidneys then leaves the body through your urine.
If your body makes too much uric acid or doesn't release enough into your urine, it can make crystals that form in your joints. This condition is known as gout
Urinalysis with Reflex to Microscopic Test consists of dipstick urinalysis, important in accessing the chemical constituents in the urine and the relationship to various disease states.
Microscopic examination helps detect the presence of abnormal urine cells and formed elements. Culture may identify the organism(s) causing infection.
Vitamin A Test measures the levels of Vitamin A in your blood.
Vitamin A is important for normal vision, the immune system, and reproduction. It also helps the heart, lungs, kidneys, and other organs work properly.
Deficiencies in vitamin A can impair night vision, cause eye damage, and in severe cases, lead to blindness.
Vitamin C Blood Test detects vitamin C deficiency in the body.
Vitamin C is necessary for the growth, development and repair of all body tissues. It's involved in many body functions, including formation of collagen, absorption of iron, the immune system, wound healing, and the maintenance of cartilage, bones, and teeth.
Vitamin D helps your body absorb calcium and maintain strong bones throughout your entire life.
Your body produces vitamin D when the sun’s UV rays contact your skin. Other good sources of the vitamin include fish, eggs, and fortified dairy products. It’s also available as a dietary supplement.
The 25-Dehydroxy vitamin D test is the best way to monitor vitamin D levels.
Vitamin E test measures the amount of vitamin E in your blood.
Vitamin E (also known as tocopherol or alpha-tocopherol) is a nutrient that is important for many body processes. It helps your nerves and muscles work well, prevents blood clots, and boosts the immune system.